EXHAUST GAS DIAGNOSTICS

Why shouldn't I replace my own sensors?

As with all safety related products, there is a need to demonstrate the traceability of a product's calibration to National Standards and where appropriate to comply with IS09000 protocols. This can only be accomplished using 'live' traceable calibration gasses in accordance with manufacturing specifications and often requiring the use of bespoke test and calibration equipment.

Why does the cold affect my readings?

It isn't the cold that affects the readings, it is a sudden change in temperature. We recommend that the Gas Analyzer is stored in a property rather than a vehicle during the colder months.

When do I know that the readings I am seeing are the ones I should record or print?

As a general rule of thumb, you should wait until all the readings are stable - approximately 1 minute after inserting the sampling probe into a vehicle that has reached full operating temperature.

What readings can I expect from a diesel exhaust?

The exhaust gas readings from diesel exhausts very widely depending on the type of engine management system. A five gas analyser will accurately measure the following gases: Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx). It will also measure Hydrocarbons (HC) but because the analyser's response is optimised for hexane, the HC readings from a diesel's exhaust will be inaccurate (very low maybe only 5% or so of true HC reading) and should be discounted. Note: To create representative levels of NOx, the engine must be under load.

What is the Hydrocarbon Measurement?

Hydrocarbons are a family of compounds with a combination of hydrogen and carbon molecules Hx Cy. When using infra-red absorption as the measurement technique the particular calibration gas needs to be specified because different types of hydrocarbons are absorbed at different levels. The hydrocarbon sensor used in the KANE Automotive analysers is specifically set for the hydrocarbon compound known as hexane.

What is Car Exhaust Diagnostics?

The gas concentrations that are measured in a car exhaust can be used to diagnose problems or faults within the engine or its management system. The difference in exhaust readings between cars with and without catalytic converters is huge. Note that NOx is only created when an engine is under load. To test for NOx the car must either be driven on the road or use be made of a dynamometer. When using a dynamometer for NOx testing the exhaust gases are extremely hot (the engine is under heavy load and there is no slipstream ventilation) so a high temperature exhaust probe must be used. NOx levels of 3000 to 4000 ppm are common even for new well tuned engines when under load.

What general care should be taken of gas analysers?

Check filters are clean and the water trap is empty before use. Ensure the analyser is purged with fresh air after every use. Check that the batteries have enough charge to complete the test. When working on oil fired appliances always do a smoke test first. Please ensure you read the FAQs regarding: Cold Weather Water Damage

What does NOx mean?

NOx is a general term pertaining to oxides of nitrogen, the most common being nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Nitrogen oxides are typically created in the combustion process when burning fuels at high temperatures.

I've had my analyser for a couple of years - I have hardly used it and now it doesn't work - why?

The reason the Gas Analyzer has failed may be because the sensors have become exhausted; the electro-chemical sensors have an operational life. The batteries may also be at a low voltage even if the unit has not been turned on, this is due to the internal memory and clock being powered all the time and most common batteries self discharge over time, lead acid batteries in particular.

Does cold weather affect my analyser?

Yes, it is vital that analysers are kept in a warm, dry place overnight. If an analyser is left in a vehicle on a cold night the next morning it may display "-----"O2 and not the expected 20.9% O2, (other readings taken by the analyser can also be affected). This happens because condensation can form on the oxygen sensor's inlet or even on the circuit board. This prevents correct operation and may cause damage to the analyser. If you experience this condition, it may be possible to rectify the problem yourself. Leave the instrument in a warm place for a few hours with the pump running. This may dry out the oxygen sensor enough to get a reading. If you still have problems please ring the service department.

Can water damage my analyser?

Yes, if water is sucked into the analyser the inlet to the oxygen sensor can become blocked and it stops working. It will then display "-----" O2. Water can also damage the CO sensor. Where this happens, there will be a charge if the sensors need to be replaced. If you experience this condition, it may be possible to rectify the problem yourself. Leave the instrument in a warm place for a few hours with the pump running. This may dry out the oxygen sensor enough to get a reading. If you still have problems, please ring the Service Department.

What does the AUTOPLUS5 measure?

AUTOPLUS5 measures vehicle exhaust systems for 5 gases; Carbon Monoxide % (CO), Hydrocarbons PPM (HC), Carbon Dioxide % (CO2), Oxygen % (O2), Oxides of Nitrogen PPM (NOx) & Air Fuel Ratio (AFR) – It is also possible to measure Lambda

What can AUTOPLUS5 be used for?

Measuring exhaust emission on petrol/gasoline, LPG & CNG vehicles. Making it ideal for: Pre-compliance testing, vehicle servicing & diagnostic work

Why is monitoring exhaust emissions important?

To reduce fuel consumption, improve vehicle drivability and protect the environment. Gas analysis provides an instant assessment of the engine, the condition of the exhaust and catalytic converter – It’s the easiest diagnostic test to perform.

What should the readings be?

For a gasoline engine at normal operating temperature, depending on the vehicle and the efficiency of the catalytic convertor the following are expected results: CO = 0.05% or less HC = 100ppm or less CO2 = 14-15% O2 = 0.1- 1% NOx =100-200ppm or less AFR 14.7:1 /Lambda = 1

Is the AUTOPLUS5 portable?

AUTOPLUS5 hand held analyzer can be powered by AC, DC 12v power supply or its own internal rechargeable battery which can give up to 120 minutes use on a full charge. This means you can go anywhere and use anywhere – even road testing.

Is the AUTOPLUS5 easy to use?

The AUTOPLUS5 is controlled using a simple keyboard. The large easy to read graphic display shows all gas readings and can be customized if required to suit a particular requirement. A fast warm up of less than 2 minutes ensures you are ready to use quickly

Does the AUTOPLUS5 have Bluetooth?

"Yes, the AUTOPLUS5 has Class1 Bluetooth and the KANE LIVE software can be downloaded free from http://tinyurl.com/l8tmu53 "

What is the KANE LIVE Graphing Software?

The new KANE LIVE software is a great way to connect to a PC via Bluetooth, allowing the user to view readings in “real time” on their PC. All data is viewed either digitally or in graph form so you can easily track parameters over time as they change. If required the live data can be saved and stored on your PC as a .CSV file which is the standard file for importing/exporting data. Other features could include: Printing Update user details Toggle pump on/off Save and download data Customized graphing

What is the ANSED Exhaust Gas Diagnostics Software?
  • The ANSED Exhaust Gas Diagnostics Software is FREE with the purchase of the Gas Analyzer.
  • The powerful algorithms in the software considers multiple factors and all gases simultaneously, not just the old two-dimensional fixed charts. The software uses a floating matrix formula for each gas that changes as the results change, taking into consideration several other variables of the vehicle tested to further enhance the accuracy of the formulas.
  • Several possible solutions, in order of probability, are suggested by the software. The first suggestion is the likely cause in 75-80% of the situations, similar with the methodology of a scan tool.
Does the AUTOPLUS5 have an internal memory?

The AUTOPLUS5 will log up to 100 tests these can be stored manually or automatically. These can then be transferred to a PC if required

Can I print the readings?

You are able to print both live and stored readings using the optional InfraRed printer

Is there any maintenance required?

It is advisable to check the filters regularly and ensure that any moisture is drained from the water trap. The compact design of the AUTOPLUS5 makes this very easy to do.

Are there any other advantages of a compact design?

Compact design means a small pump which reduces the moisture content in the sample – Larger more expensive gas analyzers use larger pumps which improves response time but can cause issues with water ingress. This isn't a problem with AUTOPLUS5 Will AUTOPLUS5 require calibrating and servicingAs with all sensitive measuring instruments, it is recommended they are calibrated on a regular basis. Although sensor life is typically more than 18 months, the analyzer should be re-calibrated and serviced annually to stop any long-term sensor or electronics drift or accidental damage.

What is included in the kit?

The standard AUTOPLUS5 Kit Includes 5 Gas Analyzer, EPAUTO7 Hi-Temp Probe, AC Charger, 12V DC Charger, 5 Replacement Filters, User Manual & Quick Start Guide, CL5 USB Cable, KANE Live Graphing Software, the ANSED Exhaust Diagnostics Software (setup & 1st year free), all in a Soft Shoulder Bag. There are other kit configurations available. Kindly enquire.

Why do I need to register my AUTOPLUS5 Kit?

Registering your new ANSED AUTOPLUS5 Kit within 30 days of purchase is very important. Product updates and warranty validation are based on receipt of this registration. You can register it online by completing this online Registration Form.

What is the warranty?

ANSED makes every effort to insure that the KANE Gas Analyzer, manufactured by Kane International Ltd. (UK), is the highest quality, and warrants all new products it sells to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year, from date of shipment to the original purchaser. The KANE Gas Analyzer is delivered with a full 12-month warranty on parts and labor that automatically starts on the date of shipment of the unit. TO INSURE MAXIMUM WARRANTY COVERAGE – you must return the Product Registration Form along with proof of purchase (such as a dated receipt) to ANSED Diagnostic Solutions within 30 days of receipt of the unit. The warranty coverage will then start from that date. Please refer to the LIMITED EXPRESS WARRANTY, included in the packet enclosed within the unit.

What is the Calibration and Service for the Gas Analyzer?
  • Calibration Service only will include calibration of the instrument, filter and pump change as required, a filter pack, and return shipping.
  • Full Service will include replacement of the O2 and NO sensors, complete calibration of the instrument, and replacement of the filter, batteries and pump as required, a filter pack, and return shipping.
  • Excludes parts damaged due to physical damage or abuse as described in the Limited Express Warranty statement
  • Costs, valid within the United States only:
  1. Model AUTO5-2 (older)
  1. Calibration Service $179.00
  2. Full Service            $659.00
  1. Model AUTOplus5 (newer)
  1. Calibration Service $149.00
  2. Full Service            $479.00

Prices valid through December 31, 2018.

Why do I need to send the unit in for Calibration and Service?

The unit is designed to perform a calibration check and automatic zero procedure at pre-determined times to insure accuracy. During the Calibration and Service performed at an approved service center, all components are tested and adjusted to insure that flow rates and sensors have the proper settings to allow this procedure to take place. As certain sensors age, the service center can make adjustments to bring those sensors back into the center of the calibration range, often extending their useful life and accuracy. The Gas Analyzer is delivered with a full 12-month warranty on parts and labor that automatically starts on the date of shipment of the unit. Refer to the LIMITED EXPRESS WARRANTY, included with each kit. IMPORTANT – complete and send in the Product Registration Form to insure you receive the latest updates and maximum warranty coverage.

What kind of maintenance on should I expect to perform in normal day-to-day operation of the KANE Gas Analyzer?

The two most important maintenance items for the user to perform: Drain the water trap as needed. Replace the filters when they are restricted – or on a monthly basis.

How do I get more filters?

You can either purchase from your reseller, or direct online at www.ANSEDdiagnostics.com.

How long should the sensors and other parts last in normal use?

Items like the pump and water trap could easily last up to 4+ years, as long as the daily maintenance procedures of removing water from the water trap and changing the filters as needed. The Battery, Oxygen Sensor and NOX Sensor each have a more limited lifespan that is dependent upon usage. Most users can expect about 18 months use before a replacement is required. The typical life of a NOX Sensor is often about 2 years.

What can I do to extend the useful life of the Oxygen and NOX Sensors?

There are several things you can do that make a big difference in the life of the sensors: *Keep the water trap drained and never leave the probe on the garage floor where it may pick up water/antifreeze/oil/dirt or other debris. *Shut the pump off when not in use. *Use your analyzer frequently! The more you use the analyzer, the longer the life of the Oxygen sensor as it degrades over time in the presence of oxygen – and there should be little to no oxygen in the tailpipe sample of a running vehicle